Analyzing and Increasing the Reliability of Convolutional Neural Networks on GPUs


Graphics processing units (GPUs) are playing a critical role in convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for image detection. As GPU-enabled CNNs move into safety-critical environments, reliability is becoming a growing concern. In this paper, we evaluate and propose strategies to improve the reliability of object detection algorithms, as run on three NVIDIA GPU architectures. We consider three algorithms: 1) you only look once; 2) a faster region-based CNN (Faster R-CNN); and 3) a residual network, exposing live hardware to neutron beams. We complement our beam experiments with fault injection to better characterize fault propagation in CNNs. We show that a single fault occurring in a GPU tends to propagate to multiple active threads, significantly reducing the reliability of a CNN. Moreover, relying on error correcting codes dramatically reduces the number of silent data corruptions (SDCs), but does not reduce the number of critical errors (i.e., errors that could potentially impact safety-critical applications). Based on observations on how faults propagate on GPU architectures, we propose effective strategies to improve CNN reliability. We also consider the benefits of using an algorithm-based fault-tolerance technique for matrix multiplication, which can correct more than 87% of the critical SDCs in a CNN, while redesigning maxpool layers of the CNN to detect up to 98% of critical SDCs.



Convolution neural network (CNN)

Software And Hardware

• Hardware: Processor: i3 ,i5 RAM: 4GB Hard disk: 16 GB • Software: operating System : Windws2000/XP/7/8/10 Anaconda,jupyter,spyder,flask Frontend :-python Backend:- MYSQL